- af|ter1 W1S1 [ˈa:ftə US ˈæftər] prep, conj, adv[: Old English; Origin: After]1.) when a particular event or time has happened, or when someone has done something≠ ↑before▪ After the war many soldiers stayed in France.▪ I go swimming every day after work.▪ Do you believe in life after death?▪ The first attack started just after midnight.▪ David went to bed straight after (=immediately after) supper.▪ After you'd called the police, what did you do?▪ Zimmerman changed his name after he left Germany.▪ People still remember the 1958 revolution and what came after (=happened after it) .after doing sth▪ After leaving school, Mackay worked in a restaurant for a year.2 days/3 weeks etc after (sth)▪ Ten years after he bought the painting, Carswell discovered that it was a fake.the day/week/year etc after (sth)(=the next day, week etc)▪ His car was outside your house the morning after Bob's engagement party.▪ I'll see you again tomorrow or the day after.▪ She retired from politics the year after she received the Nobel Prize.soon/not long/shortly after (sth)▪ Not long after the wedding, his wife became ill.▪ The family moved to Hardingham in June 1983, and Sarah's first child was born soon after.2.) when a particular amount of time has passed≠ ↑before▪ After 10 minutes remove the cake from the oven.▪ It's a hard life, but you'll get used to it after a while.▪ After months of negotiation, an agreement was finally reached.3.) following someone or something else in a list or a piece or writing, or in order of importance▪ Whose name is after yours on the list?▪ The date should be written after the address.▪ After football, tennis is my favourite sport.▪ The UK is the world's third largest arms producer, after the USA and Russia.4.) AmE used when telling the time to say how many minutes have passed since a particular hourBritish Equivalent: past▪ The movie starts at a quarter (=fifteen minutes) after seven.5.) day after day/year after year etccontinuously for a very long time▪ He's worked in that same office week after week, year after year, since he was 18.6.)a) following someone in order to stop or speak to them▪ Go after him and apologize.▪ I heard someone running after me, and a voice called my name.b) in the direction of someone who has just left▪ 'Good luck,' she called after me as I left.▪ Harry stood in the doorway gazing after her.7.) when someone has left a place or has finished doing something▪ Remember to close the door after you.▪ I spend all day cleaning up after the kids.8.) because of something that happened earlier▪ I'm not surprised he walked out, after the way she treated him.▪ After your letter, I didn't think I'd ever see you again.9.) in spite of something that was done in the past▪ How can you treat me like this after all I've done for you?10.)when you have passed a particular place or travelled a certain distance along a road▪ Turn left after the Crown Hotel.▪ After half a mile you will come to a crossroads.11.) be after sb/stha) to be looking for someone or something▪ That boy's always in trouble - the police are after him again.▪ 'Were you after anything in particular?' 'No, we're just looking.'b) informal to want to have something that belongs to someone else▪ I think Chris is after my job.12.) one after another/one after the otherif a series of events or actions happen one after another, each one happens soon after the previous one▪ Ever since we moved here it's been one problem after another.13.) after alla) in spite of what you thought was true or expected to happen▪ He wrote to say they couldn't give me a job after all.▪ Union leaders announced that they would, after all, take part in the national conference.b) used to say that something should be remembered or considered, because it helps to explain what you have just said▪ Prisoners should be treated with respect - they are human beings after all.▪ I don't know why you're so concerned - it isn't your problem after all.14.) especially BrE used to say who or what first had the name that someone or something has been given▪ His name is Alessandro, after his grandfather.▪ It was named Waterloo Bridge, after the famous battle.15.) formal in the same style as a particular painter, musician etc▪ a painting after Rembrandt16.) a) after youspoken used to say politely that someone else can use or do something before you do▪ 'Do you need the copier?' 'After you.'b) after you with sthused to ask someone if you can have or use something after they have finished▪ After you with that knife, please.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬WORD CHOICE: after, in, afterwardsafter is usually used as a preposition (followed by a noun) : I'll do it after lunch. | Please call after 9.30.after followed by a time period is more often used to talk about past events : After a few minutes he stopped.in followed by a time period is more often used to talk about future events : He'll be here in a few minutes.after can be used as an adverb, but only following another time adverb such as soon , not long , or shortly : Tim came in at midnight, and Lucy not long after.afterwards can be used instead, and can also be used as an adverb on its own : His parents came shortly afterwards. | You can meet the actors afterwards (NOT after).▬▬▬▬▬▬▬after 2after2 adj [only before noun]1.) in after yearsliterary in the years after the time that has been mentioned2.) technical in the back part of a boat or an aircraft
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.